Forex Lot Sizes and Risks

What is lot size and what's the risk?

Forex for beginners

Currencies in Forex are traded in Lots.
A standard lot size is 100 000 units.
Units refer to the base currency being traded. For example, with USD/CHF the base currency is US dollar, therefore if to trade 1 standard lot of USD/CHF it would be worth $100 000.
Another example: GBP/USD, here the base currency is British Pound(GBP), a standard lot for GBP/USD pair will be worth £100 000.

There are three types of lots (by size):

Standard lots = 100 000 units
Mini lots = 10 000 units
and micro lots = 1000 units.

Mini and micro lots are offered to traders who open mini accounts (on average from $200 to $1000). Standard lot sizes can be traded with larger accounts only (the requirements for a size of standard account vary from broker to broker).

The smaller the lots size traded, the lower will be profits, but also the lower will be losses.

When traders talk about losses, they also use term "risks". Because trading in Forex is as much about losing money as about making money.
Risks in Forex refer to the possibility of losing entire investment while trading. Trading Forex is known as one of the riskiest capital investments.

Returning back to lots:

With every Standard lot traded (100 000 units) a trader risks to lose (or looks to win) $10 per pip. Where Pip is the smallest price increment in the last digit in the rate (e.g. the smallest price change/move).

With every Mini lot traded (10 000 units) a trader risks to lose (or looks to win) $1 per pip.

With each micro lot (1000 units) - $0.10 per pip.

In Forex traders always search for the most efficient ways to limit risks or at least lessen risk effects. For this purpose various risk management and money management strategies are created.

It is impossible to avoid risks in Forex trading. In order to limit risks traders use methods of setting protective stops, trailing stops; use hedging techniques, study scalping strategies, look for the best deals on spreads among brokers etc.

Traders with the best risk management strategy earn the largest profits in Forex.

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where some brokers provide their lot size in the format can i set it to 10,000.
1.0 etc

With every Mini lot traded (10 000 units) a trader risks to lose (or looks to win) $1 per pip.

With each mini lot (1000 units) - $0.10 per pip.

Isn't it supposed to be: With each MICRO lot (1000 units) - $0.10 per pip. ?

Yes, should be "Micro" there. Thank you.

don understand this lot thing, can i get detailed explanation


I' also new, when you guys say: 1000 units risk $0.1 per pip, you are assuming that my leverage is 1:100

To the average person;this is a stupid very explanation: Pips, units. what is that?

Is there any fixed time limit to sell? how long one can wait for the sell to get profit or sell at no loss?

pls what does it mean to have traded 40 standard lots for a 400 usd forex accoun

How do I set the lot size to receive $10.00 per pip?

if am trading with $3000 and I risk about 0.20 lot per trade, how much have I invested from my capital.

How do I set the lot size to receive $10.00 per pip?

» standard lot

if am trading with $3000 and I risk about 0.20 lot per trade, how much have I invested from my capital.
Thanks > best to start off with a mini lot.

if u wanna knw/share all the info about forex add me on skype... my id is fx.aarish

While changing the lot size adjusts the pip value, adjusting your stop loss and target price also affects the overall risk of that particular trade. Essentially, without a stop loss, you are risking your whole account. The larger the lot size, the faster you'll blow the account up, or the faster you'll double it.

Still trying to find good tools to calculate risk in MetaTrader4, but starting to get a feel for it.

For those who trade micro accounts using the metatrader 4 or 5 i will explain how the lot size goes. You would see a 0.01 format under lot size (some brokers use this format) what this really means is that you are trading at 1000 units which will mean $0.10 per pip. A pip is a price movement from one price to another so if the price of the EUR/USD was 1.4600 and it moved 5 pips upward the new price should be 1.4605, however if it moves 5 pips downward it should 1.4595. Prices move on a vertical scale (UP or DOWN) and therefore it all comes down to either buying the currency or selling it, plain and simple.
Here is further breakdown of the lot size, units traded and amount risked
0.02 - 2000 units - $0.20
0.03 - 3000 units - $0.30
0.04 - 4000 units - $0.40
0.05 - 5000 units - $0.50
1.00 - 10000 units - $1
2.00 - 20000 units - $2
3.00 - 30000 units - $3

I see this an old post but I am sure other new traders will come across this so I thought I would write this to try to help about your risk!

Basically 1 lot = $100.000 dollars or pounds depending on what the base currency is.
If you trade one lot $100.000 you risk to lose or profit $10 per pip.
If you trade one mini lot $10.000 you risk to lose or profit $1 per pip
if you trade one micro lot $1000 you risk to lose or profit $0.10 per pip

A good rule is not to risk more than 2% of your equity in your accounton any one trade.
If you have an acoount with $ and trade one lot you would not want to risk any more than 2% which = $200 dollers so that gives you a 20 pip loss or profit at 1:100 levarage

So if you have a mini account and have $1000 dollers you would only have $20 dollers to risk so with a full lot that is two pips... just dont do it you will lose your money in no time unless you win every trade which wont happen. You need to trade 1 mini lot which you can risk $20 and have a spread of 20 pips... and win or lose 1 doller a pip.... it is not unuasal for a good patient trader to do 200 pips a week at a steady pace.... Thats a 20% return on your account which is higher than most hedge fund managers .. obviosly they deal in millions but the moral is all about % percantage return of your total equity.. good luck pips...

If you want a good broker and you are in the uk .. Barx direct fx.. min deposit 5000 pounds or fxpro ecn platform 1000 pounds min deposit...

keep to this startergy ubtil you are in continuios profit and build up your account.

i want to start trading with $1000, what type of lot should i use? can u help me.......

For an in depth school, which teached one all of the basics, I went to Everything you want to know, to get going is there. After you are launched with a basic understanding, you can hone your skills and work into intermediate, and experienced strategies.